As natural resources come under growing pressure and countries face increasing budget constraints, economic instruments such as pollution taxes, user incentives and other financial mechanisms to improve environmental quality can provide an important tool for promoting sustainable development. But putting such ideas into practice is another matter. Challenges include a proper analysis of the nature of the problem to be solved and a correct selection of the instruments most likely to help resolve it. Building the capacity of planners, environmentalists and decision makers to design and implement economic instruments is critical to the success of such mechanisms. This requires high quality training, a feature currently lacking in many developing countries. The Training Resource Manual provides step-by-step guidance to help instructors train people in the use of these environmental economic instruments. Designed as an interactive working document composed of flexible modules and exercises in the book and accompanying CD, it offers substantial flexibility for trainers to custom design courses that meet local needs and priorities.

A second book examines the growing interest in innovative payment for environmental services (PES) programmes as a way of combating environmental degradation in developing countries. PES programmes use market and institutional incentives in order to meet both environmental and poverty alleviation objectives. Issues such as the design of PES programmes, implications for the rural poor, and how these initiatives fit into international treaties on global warming and biodiversity loss have yet to be refined. Payment for Environmental Services in Agricultural Landscapes seeks to provide answers to some of these questions and pays special attention to the role of environmental services in agricultural landscapes.

Training Resource Manual : The Use of Economic Instruments for Environmental and Natural Resource Management + CD
UNEP, 2009. 272 pp.
ISBN 978-92-8072-690-0
US$65 - €46
Payment for Environmental Services in Agricultural Landscapes. Economic Policies and Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries
Edited by L Lipper, T Sakuyama, R Stringer & D Zilberman
FAO/Springer, 2009. 300 pp.
ISBN 978-92-5-105830-5
US$109 - €77
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